Marc Simmons On April 6, 1749, young Tomás Vélez Cachupín, newly arrived in New Mexico, took the oath of office to become governor of the province. The document he signed on that occasion is still preserved in the state archives.

As he was settling into his official residence, the aging adobe palacio facing Santa Fe's Plaza, the fledgling governor took stock of his orders given him by the viceroy before Vélez Cachupín left Mexico City.

Although still in his 20s, Vélez Cachupín had a distinguished record of military service behind him. Upon appointment as governor, he also had been promoted to captain and general over all provincial forces.